7 neat tricks for JS that you probably did not know

Got tired of learning and want to get some cool tricks up your sleeve to earn the right to show off? You have come to the right place. Here are neat tricks that can even make your life easier!

1. Readable numbers

Ever run into an unreadably long number where you had to put your finger on the screen to read it? Luckily, there is an easy solution to that by using _ within the bounds of the number.

const number = 123_456_789;

You can put _ anywhere within a number to make it easier to read, without hampering the number itself.

2. Truncate the end of arrays

Most people use Array.length as a getter function. A little-known fact is: that it can also be used as a setter.

let array = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];console.log(array); // [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
console.log(array.length); // 5
array.length = 3;console.log(array); // [1, 2, 3]

3. Short circuit evaulation

No, we are NOT talking about those short circuits.

The && and || operators can be easily used to check for conditions and return values in a single line, which is known as short circuit evaluation.

Use case of &&

const showUserData = true;
const data = "not so secret data";
// will display false if showUserData is false
console.log(showUserData && data);

Use case of ||

const fallbackData =
"nothing to see folks";
const data = "random data";
// will display `fallbackData` if
// `data` is false-ish (eg: null, undefined, '', etc)

console.log(data || fallbackData);

4. Optional chaining

The optional chaining operator (?.) enables you to read the value of a property located deep within a chain of connected objects without having to check that each reference in the chain is valid

It’s a simple solution to get a deeply nested property without having to check the validity of each reference in the chain.

// usage (will return undefined if any of the items is not defined)
user.data?.name;
user.data?.addressList?.[0];
user.greet?.(time);

5. Get unique values in an array

Accessing the unique values in an array is a pretty common operation. There’s a usual way, and there’s a smart way of doing it

// USUAL WAY
// O(n^2) time complexity & O(n) space complexity

const uniqueValues = array.filter(
(value, index, self) =>
self.indexOf(value) === index
);
// SMART WAY
// complexity: O(n) time & space

const uniqueValues = [
...new Set(array),
];

6. Nullish coalescing

The nullish coalescing operator (??) is a logical operator that returns its right-hand side operand when its left-hand side operand is null or undefined, and otherwise returns its left-hand side operand.

Nullish coalescing is extremely useful when you want to return a default value when a variable might contain a null-ish value.

const getUserName = (user) => {
return user?.name ?? "Anonymous";
};

7. Replace all

The string.replace method is typically used to replace the first occurrence of a substring, but there is a simple way to turn it into a function that can replace all occurrences by using a regular expression with a global flag.

const replace_string =
"Visit replacesoft. replacesoft is a software company";
console.log(
replace_string.replace(
/replace/,
"Micro"
)
); // "Visit Microsoft. replacesoft is a software company"
console.log(
replace_string.replace(
/replace/g,
"Micro"
)
); // "Visit Microsoft. Microsoft is a software company"

That’s all folks!

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